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Services & Procedures

Vision Assessment

Particular skills are needed to test a child’s eyesight, especially in the pre-school and nonverbal child. Different methods are used for different ages.

What types of examinations do
pediatric ophthalmologists perform?

Determination of Refractive Error (the need for and strength of glasses)

This testing is performed after dilation in most pediatric patients to ascertain an objective measurement.

Motility Examinations

Quantitative measurements of ocular misalignment are necessary for planning medical and surgical management of strabismus.

Biomicroscopy and Dilated Fundus Examinations

These techniques allow the physician to evaluate for the presence of eye disease associated with systemic diseases such as diabetes, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, genetic abnormalities, neurologic pathology (increased intracranial pressure), as well as specific ocular conditions such as cataracts and glaucoma.

What kinds of treatments and procedures do pediatric ophthalmologists provide?

Medical Treatments
  • Prescriptions for glasses.

  • Amblyopia (“lazy eye”) therapy including glasses, patching and pharmacologic treatment.

  • Topical and/or systemic therapy for eye infections, chalazia, glaucoma, blocked tear ducts, and inflammation on the eye or in the eye.  Medicines include antibiotics, antivirals and steroids.

  • Monitor diseases over time and determine if the treatment is working properly, and make appropriate modifications if it is not.

Surgical Procedures
  • Probe, irrigation and dilatation procedures for congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction (blocked tear duct).

  • Excision of lid cysts and nodules.

  • Eye muscle surgery for strabismus.

  • Pediatric cataract extraction including use of intraocular lenses (IOLs).

  • Childhood glaucoma surgery to lower intraocular pressure

  • Eyelid repair for ptosis (lid droop), congenital and traumatic defects

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